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Destination DUBAI

Dubai is truly a unique destination. Situated in the UAE, the world’s 31st popular tourism destination and the Arab World’s most popular, Dubai is both a dynamic business hub and a tourist’s paradise. The emirate offers more attractions, shopping, fine dining and quality hotels than virtually any other destination on the planet. In 2012, Dubai welcomed over 10 million visitors from around the world, which is an increase of 9.3% from the previous year. It also ranked 8th place globally in terms of tourist spending in the same year.

From the timeless tranquillity of the desert to the lively bustle of the souks, the city presents a fantastic ensemble of attractions and activities for its visitors and residents. In a single day, one can experience everything from rugged mountains and breathtaking dunes to white sandy beaches and lush, beautifully landscaped parks, from dated villages to luxurious residential districts, and from traditional houses with wind towers to ultra-modern shopping centres.

General Information – DUBAI

Country United Arab Emirates (U.A.E)

Land area 1.22 million square kilometers
Population Approximately 2.62 million
Capital Lhasa
GMT Chinese Standard Time (Beijing) is used in Tibet which is GMT + 8 and 2 hours 15 minutes ahead of Nepal.

Climate Tibet is cold in winter, cool in summer and generally dry due to its unique geographical characteristics, receiving only 450 millimetres (18 inches) of rain or snow. Sunlight is extremely intense. The thin air neither blocks nor holds heat, so sunshine feels warm, shadows are chilly, and temperatures can vary greatly within a day, exceeding 29 ( 84F) in summer, and plunging below 4 ( 40F) the same night. Lhasa’s night –time lows in winter are around -9 16F). The higher you go the colder it gets, and the winds in winter are ferocious. Rainfall in southern Tibet occurs intermittently between May and September, bringing moisture to barley fields and greenery to the valleys. The most pleasant months for tourism are from April to October.Required Clothing:
The required clothing depends on which parts of Tibet one is travelling. Warm clothing is a must to ensure a comfortable tour. There can be sudden onset of foul weather as well as temperature extremes while in Tibet. Wearing several layers of clothing that can be easily added or removed is the wisest choice since temperatures may vary greatly within a single day. A down coat is necessary for those who are travelling beyond Lhasa and Shigatse into more remote areas such as the Everest Camp. A windbreaker plus a sweater will work nicely for strolling around Lhasa in summer. During the peak tourism season, frequent rainfall makes waterproof clothing and raingear absolute necessities.

Airport Gonggar International airport, about 96 kilometres south of Lhasa.

Entry Requirements The Travel Confirmation Letter and a Tibet Travel Permit from a reliable Chinese travel agency that arranges Tibet tours is required to Enter Tibet. The Consular Section of Chinese Embassy in Kathmandu is only open for visa application in the morning of every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, except holidays. It is advised to arrive 3 days before the departure to Tibet to make sure that you get a Visa for Tibet in time. If you have been issued a China Visa prior to your arrival in Kathmandu, the visa will be cancelled and will be replaced with a visa granted by the Consular Section of the Chinese Embassy in Kathmandu. This will be a paper-visa instead of a visa attached to a page on your passport.

Currency The Chinese Renminbi (RMB), or Yuan is the currency of Tibet.

Language The Tibetan Language is generally classified as a Tibeto – Burman language of the Sino – Tibetan language family although the boundaries between ‘Tibetan’ and certain other Himalayan languages can be unclear. According to Matthew Kapstein:From the perspective of historical linguistics, Tibetan most closely resembles Burmese among the major languages of Asia. Grouping these two together with other apparently related languages spoken in the Himalayan lands, as well as in the highlands of Southeast Asia and the Sino-Tibetan frontier regions, linguists have generally concluded that there exists a Tibeto-Burman family of languages. More controversial is the theory that the Tibeto-Burman family is itself part of a larger language family, called Sino – Tibetan, and that through it Tibetan and Burmese are distant cousins of Chinese.Although spoken Tibetan varies according to the region, the written language, based on Classical Tibetan, is consistent throughout. This is probably due to the long-standing influence of the Tibetan empire, whose rule embraced (and extended at times far beyond) the present Tibetan linguistic area, which runs from northern Pakistan in the west to Yunnan and Sichuan in the east, and from north of Qinghai Lake south as far as Bhutan. The Tibetan language has its own script which it shares with Ladakhi and Dzongkha, and which is derived from the ancient Indian Brahmi script.

Tipping Ten percent service charge is generally automatically added to the bill by hotels and restaurants, but since this goes to the establishment, you might add an extra ten percent tip to the bill for the person who serves you. A daily tip is also expected by chauffeurs and guides but there is no fixed amount here. Those showing you around sacred places such as monasteries will expect a small tip. One thing you should keep in mind is never to hand over money to monks, which is considered inappropriate. Place the money in the donation box found at most temple /monasteries premises. Tipping for other services is not generally expected, unless someone has really gone out of his or her way to help you and you feel that a tip is the least you can do.

Electricity In Tibet most of the hotels have both 110V and 220V electrical outlets in the bathrooms, though in guest rooms usually only 220V sockets are available. As the shape of a socket varies between countries, a portable plug adaptor may also be necessary. It can be purchased from travel stores in Tibet.

Photography Tibet is a not only a holy land for professional photographers, but also is a magical and beautiful place for common tourists to press their shutter all the time. You should be polite when taking photos of the Tibetan or lamas. Do ask for their permission before you start. Respect the persons who you will take a shot at and try not to disturb them. Give some gifts to them as the repay with thanks. No photos in the temple especially during the sacrificed cult or its image. In some Buddha palaces, you’ll be asked to pay before taking photos. According to the local customs in some areas of Tibet, people think that it is inauspicious to be photographed. Try not to insist on taking pictures of them, or you will lash them into a fury.

Communications: Communication conditions are greatly improved in Tibet now and it makes communication much easier than before. A number of hotels provide IDD call and fax service as well as there are photocopy facilities in Lhasa. Phone calls can be made from public telephone booths with IC cards or in Telecommunication Centres. IP card service connecting most China cities and many countries is also available in Lhasa. Paging service covers the whole region now. Mobile phone services are also available in Lhasa and other major towns. Pagers and mobile phones with roaming function also provide tourists with a convenient alternative form of communication. International mail service is available at the post offices next to the Telecommunication Centres. Internet is another alternative which is accessible to travellers. There are quite a few internet café’s in Lhasa.

Health and Medical information It is better to have your first aid kit before arriving in Tibet. In addition to the normal bandages, salves, etc. one should include medicine for diarrhoea, hepatitis and other diseases tourists may encounter in Tibet. Medicine for respiratory tract infections, such as colds, influenza and bronchitis which may further diminish oxygen intake should also be included to prevent those diseases since they may result in serious consequences on the Tibetan plateau. Tourists should get vaccinations to ensure good health and an enjoyable tour. Consult your physician to find out the appropriate vaccinations before travelling to Tibet. Medicine can be obtained from pharmacies.

Additional Information: There are some common rules to remember if you plan to visit a monastery in Tibet. Always walk clockwise around the religious shrines, stupas, Mani stones and prayer wheels. However, if you visit a Bon monastery, then walk counter – clockwise. Although the monks remove their shoes upon entering a chamber, it is acceptable to enter a chamber without removing your shoes. Coming inside during the chanting session is permissible. Sit or stand in the rear, with no loud and irreverent conversation. Also, it is considered proper etiquette to offer some money or butter fuel while visiting a monastery.Things you should avoid:1. Smoking, consuming alcohol or making unnecessary noise in a monastery.2. Touching, walking over or sitting on any religious texts, objects or prayer flags in a monastery.3. Causing anything to be killed in a monastery.4. Intrusive photography of a monastery especially when people are performing religious ceremonies. Always ask for permission.5. Harming vultures, or yaks and sheep wearing red, yellow or green cloth.6. Stepping on the threshold when entering a Tibetan house.7. Spitting before somebody.

8. Placing trash in the fire.

9. Public displays of affection.

10. Wearing shorts at public places.


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