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Destination NEPAL – Stupas and Sherpas
Surrounded by the lofty heights of the Himalayas, Nepal is a land of eternal beauty and attraction. It’s a land of colorful cultures, ancient history and people, picturesque scenery and some of the best walking on earth. It is popularly known for the highest mountain peak of the world, Mount Everest which stands tall at 8848 metres. Among the places to visit in Nepal, is the birthplace of Gautam Buddha who laid the foundation of Buddhism in the country. Come and explore Nepal having rich traditions of art, culture and heritage. Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal is a treasure house of ancient art and culture. It’s a land of yaks and yetis, stupas and Sherpas and some of the best trekking on earth. Draped along the greatest heights of the Himalaya, Nepal is where the ice-cold of the mountains meets the steamy heat of the Indian plains. In the midst of this lies Nepal an amazingly diverse country that offers something for everyone.
Nepal beckons the travelers to experience white-water rafting, kayaking and mountain biking, or from the spine-tingling sight of your first tiger or rhino. To this incredible destination we invite you to join together for your extravagance of work, pleasure and experience.
General Information – NEPAL

Government Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Land area 52,819 sq mi (136,801 sq km); total area: 54,363 sq mi (140,800 sq km)
Population (2010 est.): 28,951,852 (growth rate: 1.4%); birth rate: 22.4/1000; infant mortality rate: 46.0/1000; life expectancy: 65.8; density per sq km: 206
Capital Kathmandu
Other Large Cities Biratnagar, 174,600; Lalitpur, 169,100
GMT GMT + 5 hours 45 minutes

Climate Nepal has a great deal of variation in climate. The remarkable differences in climatic conditions are primarily related to the enormous range of altitude within such a short north-south distance. The presence of the east-west-trending Himalayan massifs to the north and the monsoonal alteration of wet and dry seasons also greatly contribute to local variations in climate. Characterized by the highest temperatures, reaching 40° C during the day in the Tarai Region during April and May. Summer monsoon generally arrives in early June and lasts through September.
Monsoon season is approximately from the end of June to the middle of September. About 80% of Nepal’s annual rainfall is during that period, so the remainder of the year is pretty dry. Spring and autumn are the most pleasant seasons; winter temperatures drop to freezing, with a high level of snowfall in the mountains, while high summer can be blisteringly hot. Summer and late spring temperatures range from 28ºC (83ºF) in the hill regions to more than 40ºC (104ºF) in the Terai.In winter, average maximum and minimum temperatures in the Terai range from a brisk 7ºC (45ºF) to a mild 23ºC (74ºF). The central valleys experience a minimum temperature often falling bellow freezing point and a chilly 12ºC (54ºF) maximum. Much colder temperatures prevail at higher elevations. The Kathmandu Valley, at an altitude of 1,310m (4,297ft), has a mild climate, ranging from 19-27ºC (67-81ºF) in summer, and 2-20ºC (36-68ºF) in winter.Required Clothing:Lightweight and tropical clothes with umbrella are advised for June to August. Between October and March, lightweight clothes are worn in Kathmandu, with a coat for evenings and warm clothing for the mountains. When trekking in the mountains, high quality trekking gear that can handle minus temperatures is recommended all year round.

Airport Tribhuvan International Airport

Entry Requirements A Visa is necessary to enter Nepal .Nepal extends trouble-free issuance of visa to all the citizens worldwide at Nepalese Embassies or Consulates abroad and at entry-point Immigration Offices. Presentation of a valid passport, two passport size photos and fees are required.The Government of Nepal has announced a new policy of waiving visa fee for any tourist visiting the country for a period of 3 days. Similarly tourists coming from South Asian countries (SAARC) as well as neighbouring People’s Republic of China will also get free visa to Nepal. Likewise arrangements have been made to provide free visa for any national for re-entry to Nepal provided those tourists have stayed at least for 15 days in the country in a visa year (Jan-Dec).

Currency Nepal’s currency is the NepaleseRupee. Notes are in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 Rupees. Contact the nearest bank for details of current exchange rates. Money can be changed at international airports round the clock in Nepal.

Credit Cards A large number of hotels, restaurants, emporiums and shops accept major credit cards, the well known and more accepted ones being American Express, Master, Diners Club and Visa.

Languages Though Nepali (Khaskura bhasha) is the official language or the mother tongue of Nepal, there are as many as 126 listed languages spoken in Nepal. Out of these, three languages, Dura, Kusunda and Waling have become extinct. Apart from Nepali, the other most commonly spoken languages in Nepal are:•Awadhi•Newari•Hindi•Bahing•Limbu•Maithili•Mundari

Tipping Tipping is a newly accepted custom in Nepal. Hotel, restaurant, touring and trekking organization staff members often make up for relatively meagre wages with tips. But, it should only reward good work. Don’t tip for short taxi rides in town or any service person you’ve bargain with. Groups might give a reasonable amount per day to a tip pool to be divided among the staff, generally relative to rank, for good service.Do not give candy, pens, trinkets or money to children but instead donate to a school, monastery or hospital. Nepalese give a few rupees to the handicapped and religious mendicants; you can do the same.

Opening Hours Government offices are open from 10 am to 5 pm from Sunday through Friday. Banks are open from Sunday through Friday from 9 am to 3 pm. Mostly banks remain open until 12 pm on Saturday.Embassies and international organizations are open from 9 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday. Most shops open after 10 am and close at about 8 pm and are usually closed on Saturdays.Although Nepal works seven days a week, it observes numerous holidays, at the least a couple a month. So please check the holiday calendar. Government offices observe all the holidays and banks observe most of them. Businesses observe the major holidays only.

Electricity Voltage in most places is 230 V. AC, 50 cycles, round pin plugs and sockets. Visitors are advised to check the voltage before using electrical appliances. Socket sizes vary, so it is advisable to take a set of universal plug adaptors.

Photography Most Nepalese don’t mind being photographed, but some do. Ask first, especially if photographing ceremonies or older people. Paying for a picture reinforces a hand-out mentality. Try instead to establish a friendly rapport with a few words or gestures

Communications: Nepal has just recently begun to privatize telecommunications within the country. Cell phones and pagers have been made available as of Mid-1999. Long Distance calling is still in the dark-ages. VOIP (Voice Over IP) license is not yet provided. AT&T has linked up to allow card calls and access number is 0-800-77001. Nepal’s Country Code is 977, and Kathmandu’s city code is 1. Normal and Mobile phone numbers are 7 and 10 digits respectively. Inquiries can be made at 197.Making long distance call is easy from major cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara. Cyber cafes and communication shops offer phone and Internet services in every corner. They let you receive and send fax and provide computer for Internet access for a fee.. Most hotels and lodges also have phone and Internet access facilities these days. Internet phone is available everywhere in Kathmandu and Pokhara. Call-back and Collect Calls charged to a credit card are available in some places.

Postal The General Post Office is located near Dharahara Tower and is open from 10 am to 5 pm from Monday to Thursday. On Fridays it remains open until 3 pm. Stamps, aerograms and postcards may be purchased from 7 am to 7 pm at the counters. Services like registration and insurance of mail and small packages, and exchange of IRCs are also available. Parcels can be sent and received through the Foreign Post Office next door. It is open from Sunday through Thursday from 10 am to 5 PM. On Fridays, the office remains open until 2 pm. EMS service is also available at the general post office, Thamel, Basantapur and airport postal counters in Kathmandu.

Health and Medical information According to the Centre for Disease control, there is no risk of malaria in Kathmandu. Before you go, consult your physician about inoculations against hepatitis, typhoid and tetanus. Disinfect and cover wounds with a bandage

Customs: Arrival/Departure & Additional Information: Passengers arriving at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) without any dutiable goods can proceed through the Green Channel for quick clearance without a baggage check. If you are carrying dutiable articles, you have to pass through the Red Channel for detailed customs clearance.ImportApart from used personal belongings, visitors are allowed to bring to Nepal free of duty cigarettes (200) or cigars (50), distilled liquor (one 1.15 liter bottle), and film (15 rolls). You can also bring in the following articles free of duty on condition that you take them out with you when you leave: binoculars, movie or video camera, still camera, laptop computer, and portable music system.


It is illegal to export objects over 100 years old (sacred images, paintings, manuscripts) that are valued for culture and religious reasons. Visitors are advised not to purchase such items as they are Nepal’s cultural heritage and belong here. The Department of Archaeology at Ramshah Path near Singha Durbar has to certify all metal statues, sacred paintings and similar objects before they are allowed to be sent or carried out of the country. Handicraft dealers and travel agents are able to assist you in this process.

Additional Information: i) Trek with Others: Never trek alone; if you run into trouble or take a tumble no one will know. Trekking with a Tour Operator assures the greatest security.ii) Security: Watch your gear carefully in lodges and on the trail. Don’t be showy with expensive items, and always lock your room or baggage.iii) High Altitude Sickness: Find out more from your agent or the Himalayan Rescue Association (HRA) about this sickness and helicopter rescue options. Always register your trekking plans with your embassy, consulate or HRA. Beware of other trail hazards, watch where you are going and don’t over-extend yourself.

iv) Eating and Drinking: Never eat unpeeled fruit or vegetables unless you know they’ve been adequately soaked in solution. Drink only after water is boiled or iodized. Always wash your hands before eating.


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